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Brisbane is located in the southern hemisphere and therefore Spring begins in September, Summer begins in December, Autumn in March, and Winter in June.
Brisbane's hot months are late-November, December, January, February, and early-March, with high temperatures and humidity.
During the height of summer, temperatures can reach as high as 40-45°C (107°F), but on most summer days, maximum daytime temperatures rise to 31-33°C (88-91°F). However, the western suburbs of Brisbane are nearly always 2-3°C hotter than the city during the day but the humidity levels are lower the further you travel from the coast.
Thunderstorms become a normal part of Brisbane weather conditions from late October through to February/March. These storms can be quite nasty as some will be accompanied by hail and strong wind gusts. Normally, the most severe storms occur after a period of drought and occur from late October and mid-December.
So remember to pack plenty of shorts and short-sleeved shirts since the summer heat and high humidity will make you sweat. The highest humidity levels occur from mid-January through to mid-February and this coincides with highest overnight and daytime temperatures.
Visitors from colder parts of the world should remember to pack sunscreen and a wide brimmed hat as Queensland has the highest rate of skin cancer in the world and it is very easy to get sunburnt (even in winter). Many northern visitors have arrived and got sun stroke on their first day and then had to spend most of their holiday inside recuperating. During hot weather, drink plenty of fluids and stay indoors or in the shade.
March is the beginning of autumn but that doesn't mean it will be considerably cooler in Brisbane. In fact, the beginning of March can still feel as if it's summer, so you'll definitely need to pack accordingly. It's not until the end of March and early April that the weather begins to become cooler.
Many visitors from other parts of the world that are used to seeing autumn foliage will soon realise that Brisbane has evergreen trees due to the cities location in the sub-tropics. You'll have to travel to the Granite Belt (approximately 200 km south-west of Brisbane ) to see the first of the autumn foliage.
Autumn is a more comfortable month to visit since the humidity levels begin to drop and the north-easterly trade winds responsible for the humid conditions have disappeared. The winds begin to blow in from the south-east and encourage short, sharp showers to spill over onto the coastal parts of Brisbane's suburbs.
The afternoon thunderstorm that were so frequent throughout the summer disappear almost completely by the beginning of April.
There is the occasionally day of showery weather over the coastal suburbs of Brisbane in April but these are not frequent. Most days have abundant sunshine with minimal cloud cover. By May, night-time drop down to around 12-14°C and reach 23-24°C during the day.
Winter is not really that cold in Brisbane. You can still wear shorts during the day, but long pants are recommended for the nights, whilst a jacket or cardigan is also a good idea. As Brisbane has a sub-tropical climate, visitors from the northern hemisphere may find it better to come during the autumn or winter months when the weather is usually fine and the temperatures are usually around 21-23°C. There'll be the occasional day when the temperature rises to 25-26°C or drops to as low as 18°C (if it's raining).
Winter in Brisbane is the dry season, with August and September averaging the most sunny days than any other month. This is definitely the time to go, as Brisbane also celebrates its river culture in the annual Riverfestival around this time. This also means you will avoid the major school holidays and the accompanying crowds which are from late November to January. Remember to bring a jacket though since the clear skies and low humidity levels certainly mean that night time will be quite cool 3-8°C (37-46°F).
September is the beginning of Spring and with that comes the arrival of the westerly winds. The weather across Brisbane in early Spring is very stable. There's ample sunshine and there's hardly any clouds in the sky. The days are beginning to warm but the humidity levels are quite low. September is often a great time to take a tour to see a glimpse of the migrating whales as they pass along the coast off Moreton Bay. But you can see these whales anytime June to November.
By mid-Spring (October) the Brisbane weather conditions become slightly more humid and together with warmer night-time and day-time temperatures, makes Brisbane an attractive location to visit. The days are just glorious and the westerly winds now begin to weaken.
As a side note: September and October are also good months to catch the beautiful Jacaranda trees in flower. With its stunning purple flowers that carpet Brisbane streets and parks, it really is a sight to see.
By November, the weather across Brisbane is becoming quite warm. Afternoon thunderstorms are starting to make their presence felt and so is the sea-breeze. It's a great time to go to the beach but you've got to keep an eye on those clouds.
Most days from mid-to-late spring (October and November) will see daytime rising to 27-29°C with humidity levels slowly beginning to rise as summer approaches.
The Bureau of Meteorology provides data on climate and rainfall averages on their website. The Bureau of Meteorology also provides a 7-day forecast. You can also a comprehensive guide to Brisbane's weather at the World Weather Traveller's Guide website.